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Specifications  |  Technical Data Links
 

Aluminum DistributorAluminum and its alloys are today considered one of the most practical of metals for a variety of reasons. Its low cost, light-weight, and modern appearance are among the primary reasons for its widespread use. It is non-sparking, electrically conductive, thermally conductive, non-magnetic, reflective, and chemically resistant. It is popular in the construction, marine and aircraft industries because of its ease of fabrication, non-toxicity, strength (pound-for pound), and resistance to the corrosive atmospheres of industry and marine environments. Anodizing increases this corrosion resistance and also permits iridescent finishes in different colors. Some alloys are slightly corrosive and so are cladded with a thin layer of aluminum for added protection.

Apart from anodizing for the different iridescent finishes, the surface of aluminum may be changed by mechanical finishing and embossing, etching, and electroplating. Machining of aluminum is possible with great ease and speed. It can be easily joined by riveting, welding, brazing, or soldering.

The pound-for-pound strength aluminum possesses at least equals, if not exceeds, that of other metals. Greater strength can be gained by cold working. Further strengthening and hardening can be achieved by heat treatments-these combinations being known as tempers. Aluminum and its alloys may lose some strength at elevated-temperatures, but its strength increases at low temperatures.

Major Alloying Element and Its Effect on Aluminum

1000's - Aluminum 99% min. - excellent corrosion resistance, high thermal and electrical conductivity, low mechanical properties

2000's - Copper - high mechanical properties, increased yield strength, best known and most widely used aircraft alloy

3000's - Manganese - good workability and weldability, high corrosion resistance, moderate strength

4000's - Silicon - low melting point, widely used in welding wire and as a brazing alloy 5000's - Magnesium - moderate to high strength, good welding characteristics, good resistance to corrosion, especially in marine environments

6000's - Magnesium/Silicon - good formability and corrosion resistance, moderate strength

7000's - Zinc - highest strength alloy available, used in air-frame structures and for highly stressed parts 8000's - Other element

Aluminum Association Alloy Designation System

1st digit - Identifies alloy types.

2nd digit - Identifies alloy modifications. Digit replaces letters formerly used.

3rd and 4th digits - Identifies the aluminum purity of the specific aluminum alloy.

The digits are the same as the numbers in the old designations for alloys in use prior to the adoption of the four-digit system.

 

Temper Designations H-Tempers: Strain-Hardened

H1 - strain-hardened only.
H2 - strain-hardened and partially annealed.
H3 - strain-hardened and stabilized by low-temperature thermal treatment.
The digit following H1, H2, or H3 indicates the temper:
2 –1/4Hard
4 – 1/2 Hard
6 – 3/4 Hard
8 – Full Hard
9 – Extra Hard

T-Tempers: Heat-Treated

T1 - cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition
T2 - annealed (cast products only)
T3 - solution heat-treated and then cold worked
T4 - solution heat-treated and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition
T5 - cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process and then artificially aged
T6 - solution heat-treated and then artificially aged
T7 - solution heat-treated and then stabilized
T8 - solution heat-treated, cold worked, and then artificially aged
T9 - solution heat-treated, artificially aged, and then cold worked
T10 - cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process, artificially aged and then cold worked
Additional digits for T tempers include the following:
T51- stress relieved by stretching
T510- receives no further straightening after stretching
T511- receives minor straightening after stretching to comply with standard tolerances
T52 – stress relieved by compressing
T54 – stress relieved by combined stretching and compressing


1110
Being commercially pure aluminum, 1100 has excellent forming qualities and work-hardens more slowly than other alloys. As it is soft and ductile, 1100 is most often employed where structural strength is not a primary requirement. It is extremely resistant to corrosion, and there­fore finds excellent utilization in the chemical, cookware, and food processing industries. It is a non-heat treatable alloy.

Of all aluminum alloys, its thermal and electrical conductivity is the highest. Its weldability is second to none and it is commonly employed in the architectural field and building trades.

Applications
Reflectors, cooking utensils and kitchenware, decorative parts, giftware, dials, name-plates, tank cars, storage tanks, chemical equipment, sheet metal work, heat exchangers, and etc. 

3003
3003 possesses the same basic characteristics and composition of 1100, with the exception of a greater percentage of manganese added to 3003. This addition increases the strength of this alloy by some 20% over that of commercially pure aluminum (1100), It has excellent workability, weld ability and resistance to corrosion. It may be deep drawn or spun, brazed or welded. This non-heat treatable alloy is among the most commonly used alloys in industry today.

Applications
Drawn and spun parts, ductwork, general sheet metal work, cooking utensils, awnings and sidings, decorative trim, garage doors, chemical equipment, pressure vessels, heat exchangers, and etc.

5052
5052 is extremely resistant to corrosion, particularly that of a marine environment. It also possesses a high magnesium content, making it the highest strength non-heat treatable alloy available. It has good finishing characteristics, and excellent workability. It is easily drawn or welded, and may be formed into intricate shapes.

Applications
Sheet metal parts, aircraft components and tubes, small boats, tankage, bus and truck bodies, kitchen cabinets, cookware, appliances, fencing, fan blades, food-processing equipment, and etc.

2024
2024, possessing both high strength and great fatigue resistance, finds excellent usage in parts and structures where a high strength-to-weight ratio is desirable. It is a heat treatable alloy, and use in this condition is recommended. Its workability is good, and it may easily be machined to high finishes. Its weldability is low, though it may be flash, spot, or seam welded if necessary. In the "Alclad" condition, its corrosion resistance is excellent. If anodized, dis­coloration of this alloy is possible because the high copper content "bleeds through". This "bleeding through" is not harmful to the metal, and does not alter its chemical or physical properties.

Applications

Bare
Aircraft parts, caul plates, scientific instruments, truck wheels, fastening devices, and etc.

Alclad
Aircraft frames, fittings, and structural components, truck bodies and parts, railroad car roofs and sides, caul plates, and etc.

6061
6061 combines most of the good qualities of aluminum. It possesses high strength, high resist­ance to corrosion, good workability, and a wide range of mechanical properties. It is the least expensive and most versatile of the heat treatable alloys. 6061 in the annealed condition offers excellent weldability and formability, and is readily disposed to furnace brazing. It can be clad to offer higher corrosion resistance. 6061-T6 plate is ASME Unfired Pressure Vessel Code approved.

Applications
Marine equipment, boats, truck and bus bodies, tankage and-tank fittings, structural com­ponents, screw machine parts, high pressure applications, mine skips, transmission towers, moldings, pipes, and etc.

1075
The addition of a higher percentage of zinc to this alloy makes 7075 one of the highest strength and hardest alloys available. It finds its most common use in the aircraft industry, especially where highly stressed parts are used. If annealed, this alloy is highly formable and may be flash or spot-welded. Heat-treating increases its strength considerably. In the "Alclad" condition, 7075 is highly resistant to corrosion.

Applications
7075 finds greatest utilization where extreme high strength is required, especially in the aircraft industry.

Aluminum Tube

Aluminum tubing combines many diversified characteristics suitable for industry. Qualities such as corrosion resistance, electrical and thermal conductivity, light weight, strength, ease of fabrication, appearance and low cost predispose these alloys for a wide range of applica­tions. Aluminum has capabilities for a wide range of finishes, and anodizing offers finishes in a variety-of iridescent colors. Because of its extremely high ratio of strength-to-weight, aluminum is a logical choice for construction and any product that must be lifted, moved, or flown. It is extremely popular in the aircraft and missile industries.

Applications

2024 - The most common heat treatable aluminum is 2024. It is utilized where high strength and no welding is involved. Aircraft fittings, structures, and hardware are some of the major applications.
5052 - One of the strongest non-heat treatable aluminum alloys is 5052. Possessing excellent resistance to corrosion, good workability and high fatigue strength, it is used primarily for oxygen, fuel and oil lines.
6061 - The most common and least expensive of the heat treatable aluminum alloys is 6061. Used where good corrosion resistance and strength are needed, it can be found applied in areas for welded assemblies, heat exchangers and aircraft components.

6061-T6 Aluminum Hydraulic Tubing

This grade is used primarily for hydraulic and pneumatic systems that must operate under pressures of up to 3000 psi. It is ideal for these applications as it is easily fabricated and both surfaces are free from all foreign matter. It is a sound and dense alloy possessing a wide range of mechanical properties.

Aluminum Extruded Pipe

6061 and 6063 are heat treatable alloys possessing good corrosion resistance. 6061 has as its major alloying elements magnesium and silicon, making it versatile and weldable. 6063 contains additions of manganese and silicon, which increases its corrosion resistance and workability, but lowers its strength to slightly less than 6061.

Applications
Both 6061 -arid 6063 are used where the major requirements are good corrosion resistance, a high strength-to-weight ratio, and fairly good workability. 6063, because of its excellent finishing properties, finds popular use in architectural, furniture, and decorative applications.

Specifications

SHEET & PLATE

  Sizes:

  .008 to .249 x R/W x R/L

  .250 to 18.00 x R/W x R/L

 

  Other alloys available
  upon request

  * Special Tolerances Available

  * Polishing & PVC Protected

 

  ALLOYS   SPECIFICATIONS
  1100   AMS-4001, 4003, QQ-A-250/1
  2014-BARE   AMS-4028, 4029
  2014-ALCLAD   QQ-A-250/3
  2024-BARE   AMS-4035,37, QQ-A-250/4
  2024-ALCLAD   AMS-4040, 41, QQ-A-250/5
  2124   AMS-4101, QQ-A-250/29
  2219   AMS-4031, 94, 95, QQ-A-250/30
  3003   AMS-4006, 4008, QQ-A-250/2
  5052   AMS-4015, 16, 17, QQ-A-250/8
  6013   AMS-4347, 4216
  6061   AMS-4025, 26, 27, QQ-A-250/11
  7050   AMS-4050, 4201, BMS-7-194
  7075-BARE   AMS-4044, 45, QQ-A-250/12
  7075-ALCLAD   AMS-4048, 49, QQ-A-250/13
  7178-BARE   QQ-A-250/14
  7178-ALCLAD   QQ-A-250/15
  7475   AMS-4084, 4085

COIL


  Gauges:

  .008 to .160 x R/W x Coil

 

  HEAT-TREATABLE   NON-HEAT TREATABLE
  2024-0   1100
  2024-T3   3003
  6061-0   3005
  6061-T4   5005
  6061-T6   5052
  7075-0   -
  7075-T6   -

TUBING


  Sizes:

  .125 to 12.00 OD

  ALLOY   DRAWN   EXTRUDED   HYDRAULIC
  2024   WW-T-700/3   QQ-A-200/3*         -
  5052   WW-T-700/4           -   AMS-4071
  6061   WW-T-700/6   QQ-A-200/8*   MIL-T-7081
  6063           -   QQ-A-200/9*         -
  7075   WW-T-700/7   QQ-A-200/11*         -

ROD, BAR & FORGINGS


  Sizes:

  Rounds .125 to 8.00

  Squares .125 to 6.00

  Hexagons .250 to 3.00

  Rectangles .125 x 1.88
  to 6.00 x 8.00

  ALLOY   ROLLED   EXTRUDED
  2011   QQ-A-225/3   -
  2014   QQ-A-225/4   QQ-A-200/2*
  2017   QQ-A-225/5   -
  2024   QQ-A-225/6   QQ-A-200/3*
  2219   -   AMS-4162, 4163
  5052   AMS-4114   -
  5083   -   QQ-A-200/4*
  5086   -   QQ-A-200/5*
  6061   AMS-4115, 16, 17, QQ-A-225/8   AMS-4160, 61, 73, QQ-A-200/8*
  6063   -   AMS-4156, QQ-A-200/9*
  7075   AMS-4123, 24, 86, 87, QQ-A-225/9   AMS-4147, 69, QQ-A-200/11*

AIRCRAFT EXTRUSIONS

  Full Range
  of Shapes
  AND SERIES   BOEING   GRUMMAN
  LOCKHEED   McDONNELL   SIKORSKY

TECHNICAL DATA LINKS

Click Product to View Data

Aluminum 2014-O

Aluminum 2014-T4; 2014-T451

Aluminum 2014-T6; 2014-T651

Aluminum 2017-O

Aluminum 2017-T4; 2017-T451

Aluminum 2024-O

Aluminum 2024-T3

Aluminum 2024-T361

Aluminum 2024-T4; 2024-T351

Aluminum 2024-T6

Aluminum 2024-T81

Aluminum 2024-T851

Aluminum 2024-T86

Aluminum 2124-O

Aluminum 2124-T351

Aluminum 2124-T851

Aluminum 2219-O

Aluminum 2219-T31

Aluminum 2219-T351

Aluminum 2219-T37

Aluminum 2219-T62

Aluminum 2219-T81

Aluminum 2219-T851

Aluminum 2219-T87

Aluminum 5052-H19 Foil

Aluminum 5052-H32

Aluminum 5052-H34

Aluminum 5052-H36

Aluminum 5052-H38

Aluminum 5052-O

Aluminum 5083-H112

Aluminum 5083-H116; 5083-H321

Aluminum 5083-H32; 5083-H323

Aluminum 5083-H34; 5083-H343

Aluminum 5083-O

Aluminum 5086-H112

Aluminum 5086-H116; 5086-H32

Aluminum 5086-H34

Aluminum 5086-O

Aluminum 6061-T6; 6061-T651

Aluminum 6061-O

Aluminum 6061-T4; 6061-T451

Aluminum 6061-T6; 6061-T651

Aluminum 6061-T8

Aluminum 6061-T91

Aluminum 6061-T913

Aluminum 6063-O

Aluminum 6063-T1

Aluminum 6063-T4

Aluminum 6063-T5

Aluminum 6063-T6

Aluminum 6063-T83

Aluminum 6063-T831

Aluminum 6063-T832

Aluminum 6063-T835

Aluminum 7050-T73511; 7050-T73510

Aluminum 7050-T7451 (7050-T73651)

Aluminum 7050-T7651

Aluminum 7075-O

Aluminum 7075-T6; 7075-T651

Aluminum 7075-T73; 7075-T735x

Aluminum 7178-O

Aluminum 7178-T6; 7178-T651

Aluminum 7178-T76; 7178-T7651

Aluminum 7475-T61

Aluminum 7475-T651

Aluminum 7475-T761

Aluminum 7475-T7651

 

 

 

ASM Aerospace Specification Metals, Inc.
2501 N.W. 34th Place #B28
Pompano Beach, Florida 33069
www.aerospacemetals.com
Local: 954 977-0666
Toll Free: 800 398-4345


 

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